Rules of Origin under the U.S.-Japan Trade Agreement

The US-Japan Trade Agreement will enter into force on January 1, 2020.  How to claim preferential treatment under this new Agreement?

In order to receive preferential treatment, a good must be originating and meet all the requirements of the U.S.-Japan Agreement. 

Annex II to the Agreement specifies the rules of origin used to determine if a good qualifies for preferential tariff treatment or “originates” under the Agreement.  The product-specific rules (Annex II to the Agreement) specify the level of change of tariff classification that non-originating materials must undergo.  General Note 36 will be added to the HTSUS and will include the requirements of the Agreement. The links to the US-Japan Trade Agreement text and related documents are below.


01/01/2020 - 01/13/2020 Procedure

CBP informs that from January 1, 2020 through January 13, 2020, importers must pay duties on qualifying goods under the Agreement and request a preferential tariff retroactive claim by filing a post summary correction (PSC) to request the duty refund. 

From 01/14/2020

The Automated Commercial Environment (ACE) will accept the new special program indicator ‘JP’ as a prefix to the eligible tariff number on January 14, 2020. On or after January 14, 2020, ACE will accept the new special program indicator ‘JP’ as a prefix to the eligible tariff number. Importers claiming preferential treatment under the Agreement must include on the entry, the special program indicator “JP” as a prefix to the eligible tariff number for each qualifying good requesting such preference.


Country of Origin must be ‘JP’ Country of Export must be ‘JP’ Once programmed in ACE, the Special Program indicator 'JP' must be placed before the eligible tariff number to make the claim. 

Merchandise Processing Fee

Claims for preferential treatment under this Agreement are not exempt from the merchandise processing fee (class code 499 and class code 311).

US Beef quota

The tariff-rate quota allocation for beef from Japan is modified as follows:

  • The country specific Japan beef quota (200,000 kg) is eliminated and added to “other countries.”

  • This updates the “other countries or areas” limit to 65,005,000 kg.

  • There is no change to the entry filing process. The ACE quota module will process eligible beef from Japan under the “Other countries or areas” quota.

Questions related to this message can be sent to the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) – Office of Trade, Trade Agreements Branch email:

Legislative texts




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