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Simplifications in EU Dual Use Goods: What are EUGEAs and how do I use them?

Eight EU GEAs licences authorise allow the EU (+Northern Ireland) to export certain regulated dual-use commodities to countries outside the EU. What are they?


Global trade has its obstacles - this is well known. The quantity of paperwork, the distribution of papers, and customs laws are becoming more complicated, while also becoming more urgent and stringent. This condition increases logistical costs and delays, lowering productivity and profitability. Certification of items with EUGEAs – European Union General Export Authorizations for Dual-Use Goods – is one technique to simplify exports.

What are they used for?

As mentioned above, EU GEAs allow the EU businesses to export certain specified dual-use items to certain specified non-EU destinations. They are intended to authorise dual-use exports.

Remind me what Dual-Use Items are...

Dual-use Items are items such as products, software, or technology that may be employed for civil or military reasons. The EU is in charge of enacting laws in this domain that is applicable across the EU.

EU GEAs are legal documents. To utilise the authorizations legitimately, exporters must comply with all licence terms and restrictions, including registering with the national authorities before any use.

Council Regulation (EC) No 821/2021 (also known as the European Union Dual-Use Regulation) creates an EU-wide system for the management of dual-use items, software, and technology exports.

In Annex 2 of this regulation one can see that the EU has six GEAs:

EU001: exports to Australia, Canada, the UK, Iceland Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland (including Liechtenstein), and the United States.

EU002: export of some dual-use products Items to specific locations

EU003: export upon repair/replacement

EU004: Exhibition or temporary export to a trade show/fair

EU005: Telecommunications

EU006: Chemicals

EU007: Intra-group Technology Transfers

EU008: Encryption

To get access to each individual licence, it is recommended to read the full text of the law mentioned above.

The scope and terms of usage

Each EU GEA comprises the following provisions:

  • a specific list of countries to which exports are authorised

  • a list of objects that may be exported to those locations

  • a precise set of use requirements that must be followed while exporting under the given general authorization

The elements on each licence relate to a controlled entry heading (or 'rating') that should be cross-referenced to products mentioned in the EU dual-use list (as published in the EU legislation).

Using a GEA from the EU

To determine whether you may export under the authority of a certain EU GEA, you must first determine if you can fulfil all the terms and conditions of the licence. You must thoroughly read and comprehend the licence.

Customs Manager may assist you in determining if an EU GEA is suitable for your exports. Please get in touch, Once you've confirmed that you can utilise an EU GEA, you must apply for the necessary licence via SPIRE. The licence must be registered before it may be used.

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