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Sanctions Briefing: Burundi

(S,P) Burundi is currently subject to sanctions. Find out about the latest applicable laws and who is on sanctions' lists


This sanctions regime is aimed at encouraging the government of Burundi to:

  • respect democratic principles and institutions, the rule of law and good governance in Burundi

  • participate in negotiations with its political opponents in good faith to bring about a peaceful solution to the political situation in Burundi

  • refrain from policies or activities which repress civil society in Burundi

  • comply with international human rights law and respect human rights

The laws of nations impose asset freezes directed against those who are involved in commissioning serious human rights violations or abuses, obstructing the search for a peaceful solution to the political situation in Burundi, repressing civil society and democratic opposition and those who undermine democracy, the rule of law or good governance.


Burundian officials are seen to be responsible for the violent repression in the country orchestrated by the government since 2015. Individuals will continue to be under restrictive measures for their actions undermining democracy or obstructing the search for a political solution to the crisis in Burundi, or for their involvement in violations of international human rights law or international humanitarian law.

Widespread human rights violations continue to be committed across the country, not least by the ruling party’s militia, Imbonerakure. Several human rights defenders are still arbitrarily detained, such as Germain Rukuki, Nestor Nibitanga and the four IWACU journalists. Meanwhile, the government has not taken any steps to bring the perpetrators of violations to justice, including the ones targeted by the sanctions, thereby reinforcing a climate of impunity that favours the repetition of crimes.

The individuals under sanctions retain influential positions within the state apparatus, along with other individuals who played a key role in the unprecedented crackdown that started in 2015. Their appointment to key positions within the new government is a cause for grave concern, as this not only allows them to continue planning and committing violations but also shows the new President has no intention to operate any fundamental change in the deadly security policies carried by his predecessor.

FIDH and its member organisation in Burundi Ligue ITEKA have conducted major advocacy work at nations like the UK or the EU and the UN on the human rights situation in the country for the past few years.

UK Regulations

The Burundi (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019

The Sanctions (EU Exit) (Miscellaneous Amendments) (No. 2) Regulations 2020

The Sanctions (EU Exit) (Miscellaneous Amendments) (No. 4) Regulations 2020

Read more:

Download Guidance

Burundi sanctions_ guidance - GOV.UK
Download PDF • 176KB

EU regulations

01.10.2015 Council Regulation (EU) No 2015/1755 (“the Regulation”) concerning restrictive measures in view of the situation in Burundi

Latest Legislative Change Monitor

18.10.2021 Prolongation of sanctions

CELEX_32021D1826_EN_TXT Burundi Sanctions Prolongation
Download PDF • 357KB

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