(S,P) The Central African Republic is currently subject to financial sanctions. Find out why and access all relevant EU & UK documents.
EU, UK and other nations put in place sanctions measures to encourage the government of the Central African Republic to comply with the relevant UN obligations, and to promote:
the peace, stability and security of the Central African Republic
the resolution of the armed conflicts and the stabilisation and reconciliation process including compliance with, and implementation of the Political Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in the Central African Republic
the effective delivery of the mandates of the regional or international monitoring and peace-support missions and mechanisms in the Central African Republic
respect for humanitarian assistance activity in the Central African Republic
compliance with the rules of international humanitarian law applicable to the armed conflicts in the Central African Republic
respect for human rights in the Central African Republic
What does the UN arms embargo on the Central African Republic entail?
The UNSC has imposed an arms embargo on the Central African Republic (CAR) since 2013. It bans all supplies of arms and related material to the country except to the CAR security forces if approved in advance by the relevant UN Sanctions Committee. The embargo is time-limited but has been extended annually.
In December 2013 the UN Security Council adopted unanimously Security Council Resolution 2127 in response to the breakdown of law and order which saw increasing violence and widespread human rights abuses in the Central African Republic.
The resolution imposed several measures including a year-long embargo on the supply of arms, military equipment and related assistance to non-state actors in the CAR. It allows the supply of arms to the CAR security forces if approved in advance by the sanctions committee established by the resolution. The resolution also allows the supply of arms to UN-authorized international military forces in the CAR.
The CAR Government argued for years that the requirement for advanced approval by the relevant UN sanctions committee for arms supplies to government forces posed a barrier to solving the country’s security crisis. In February 2019 the CAR Government signed a peace agreement with 14 non-state armed groups.
Citing the agreement, the UN Security Council voted in September 2019 to amend the embargo by replacing the requirement for advance approval for weapons and ammunition to CAR security forces with a calibre of 14.5 millimetres or fewer with one that states that the UN sanctions committee has to receive advance notice that details the types and numbers of the weapons being supplied, their purpose, the destination unit in CAR security forces and the intended place of storage.
The embargo has since 2013 been extended regularly and is currently in force until 31 July 2022.
The Central African Republic (Sanctions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2020
The Sanctions (EU Exit) (Miscellaneous Amendments) (No. 3) Regulations 2020
The Central African Republic (European Union Financial Sanctions) Regulations 2014 (applicable prior to 11:00 pm, 31 December 2020)
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